Elemental concentration, phytochemical and antimicrobial activity of Scoparia dulcis Linn
V.N.Meena Devia, M. Muruganb
Deptarment of Physics, Noorul Islam Centre For Higher Education, Kumaracoil, Thuckalay, Tamilnadu 629 180, India.
Heavy metals are one of the important constituents which helps the living organisms to perform various biological and metabolic activities. But if the concentration of these metals is higher than the permissible limit, it causes toxic effect. Scoparia dulcis plants have been traditionally used to treat various diseases. In the present work, elemental analysis, phytochemical and antimicrobial activity of Scoparia dulcis was carried out. The investigations reveled that the presence and concentration of the metals like aluminum, vanadium, sodium, magnesium, manganese, zinc, copper, calcium, and potassium. The elemental concentration was compared with the permissible limit set by WHO and the result was discussed. The phytochemical analysis for the plant was carried out in four different extracts. The phytochemical screening confirmed the presence of several bioactive compounds like flavonoids, terpenoids, phenols, and saponin. The antimicrobial study revealed that the Scoparia dulcis has the ability to fight against the selected microorganism. The soil where the plant was collected and the properties and nutrient content was anlaysed. Result showed the soil is good enough for the growth and development of the plant. From these studies, it is clear that Scoparia dulcis plant can be used for medicinal purposes.
Keywords: Scoparia dulcis, Elemental analysis, Heavy metal, Phytochemical constituents, Antimicrobial activity.