Home About us MoEF Contact us Sitemap Tamil Website  
About Envis
Whats New
Research on Microbes
Microbiology Experts
Online Submission
Access Statistics

Site Visitors

blog tracking

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals
2020, 31-48

Enzymes and their production strategies

Himanshu Sharma1,2, Santosh Kumar Upadhyay1

Department of Botany, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India.


All life forms are unimaginable without enzymes. Enzymes are present in plants, animals, and even microbes. Enzymes are proteinaceous in nature except for some catalytic RNA molecules such as ribozyme. Owing to their large number of applications, they have a huge demand in industries, as well as in research. There are three types of enzyme sources: plants, animals, and microbes. Conventionally, enzymes were produced from plants and animal cell culture. However, after the onset of enzyme biotechnology, microbial enzymes have occupied a major share of the enzyme market. Recombinant DNA technology helps to introduce an enzyme-producing gene in microbes and allow them to make the specific protein. The microbial cells are grown in a controlled environment to yield enzymes. The downstream processing includes the recovery and fractionation of enzymes with different techniques. Plants and animal cell culture is still in use for yielding very special enzymes. These enzymes are costly and require high-end purifications. Enzymes have numerous applications in industries such as food and beverage, therapeutics, cosmetics, leather and wool, paper and pulp, and waste treatment.

Keywords: Enzyme, purification, fermentation, recombinant, yield.

Copyright © 2005 ENVIS Centre ! All rights reserved
This site is optimized for 1024 x 768 screen resolution