High-throughput system-wide engineering and screening for microbial biotechnology
Yannick Vervoort, Alicia Gutiérrez Linares, Miguel Roncoroni, Chengxun Liu, Jan Steensels, Kevin J Verstrepen
Laboratory for Systems Biology, VIB Center for Microbiology, Gaston Geenslaan 1, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium.
Genetic engineering and screening of large number of cells or populations is a crucial bottleneck in today’s systems biology and applied (micro)biology. Instead of using standard methods in bottles, flasks or 96-well plates, scientists are increasingly relying on high-throughput strategies that miniaturize their experiments to the nanoliter and picoliter scale and the single-cell level. In this review, we summarize different high-throughput system-wide genome engineering and screening strategies for microbes. More specifically, we will emphasize the use of multiplex automated genome evolution (MAGE) and CRISPR/Cas systems for high-throughput genome engineering and the application of (lab-on-chip) nanoreactors for high-throughput single-cell or population screening.