Study on the regulatory mechanism of the earthworm microbial community in vitro and in vivo under cadmium stress
Dongxing Zhou, Xiaoyan Liang, Jiahao Wang, Shiben Wang, Xin Li, Yucui Ning
College of Resources and Environmental Science, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, China.
In this paper, cadmium (Cd) stress tests were performed on Eisenia fetida in sterile artificial soil, and its regulatory mechanism between microbial communities in vivo and in vitro after Cd stress was explored. In the test, 0, 50, 100, 125, 250 and 500 mg kg-1 Cd stress concentrations were implemented. After long-term and short-term stress, the microbes in the earthworms and the soil were cultured with ECO plates. The data statistics of carbon source utilization intensity were carried out using the method developed by our team. CCA was scientifically integrated into TOPSIS to establish a new data analysis model to find the regulatory nodes after stress (Ning et al., 2020). Macro gene sequencing technology revealed that the species with the highest absolute abundance in the microbial communities in vivo and in vitro were all unnamed new species. It was confirmed that the HBA gene, NEUROD1 gene and ABCA3 gene were the regulatory genes of the microbial community in the earthworms under Cd stress, while the TC.FEV.OM gene and cheBR gene were the main regulatory genes of the microbial community in the soil. These results provide a scientific and theoretical reference and model basis for the bioremediation of Cd-contaminated soil and the detoxification mechanism of earthworms.
Keywords: Cadmium, Compound mathematical model, Eisenia fetida, Macro gene sequencing, Regulatory gene.